Emerging markets place agriculture as their most important economic sector and a major source of employment as well. Various challenges surrounding the agriculture sector, however, threaten to decrease crop production and reduce the overall food supply. They also put people’s livelihood sources at risk. Below are some of the challenges faced by the agricultural sector.
Unpredictable floods and droughts are the effects of climate change and these weather conditions can negatively affect crop production and the amount of arable land that farmers use. The inadequate supply of water caused by drought may affect irrigation. On the other hand, floods may destroy crops.
There are still farmers who stick to using old methods of cultivation. These farmers are usually uneducated in the use of modern technology. As a result, they face the problem of low crop production as they continue to rely on outdated technology.
Lack of Funds
Farmers who wish to use technology to improve cultivation are unable to do so because of lack of funds. They are unable to make use of the latest machines, which would have allowed them to gain higher crop yield. Farmers looking to borrow from credit facilities are rejected because they don’t meet the requirements imposed by the credit facilities or they misuse the credit provided to them.
The soil used by the farmers may also present a challenge should the condition of the soil deteriorate. Environmental degradation can cause the nutrients of the soil to deplete rapidly. Rising population density is also a factor leading to soil deterioration.
MASHAV Agri-Green Management Course
These challenges are very much present in the Philippines’ agriculture sector. Local farmers face numerous obstacles in their quest for better farming practices and higher crop production.
This October, MASHAV, an Israel-based organization focusing on international development cooperation, together with The International School of Agricultural Sciences of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, will hold an international course on green management in agriculture. This aims to address the present challenges surrounding the agriculture sector using “Agri-Green Decision Making” tools.
The course “Agri-Green Management – Agri-environmental Considerations under Climatic Changes” will run from October 31 to November 24, 2016. Interested participants must submit their completed applications to the Israeli Embassy by September 4. Visit http://mashav.mfa.gov.il/MFA/mashav/Courses/Pages/default.aspx to view the application forms and other related information.